Civil engineering uses the principles of science and technology to design and build physical environments, including structures such as bridges, roads, dams, canals, and buildings. It is considered one of the oldest divisions of engineering.

Civil engineering branches into many engineering sub-branches such as environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, civil engineering, transportation engineering, water resource engineering, materials engineering, coastal engineering, urban planning, research, etc. 

A tremendous career outlook in this area is mainly due to India’s rapid growth of infrastructure facilities.

Civil engineering is a sector of the engineering industry focused on creating, constructing, and maintaining physical and naturally built structures and environments. Civil engineering is responsible for constructing almost all public and private structures such as roads, airports, waterways, bridges, and buildings. This technology can be used in various environments, including the public sector (government, local government) and the private sector (housing).

Civil engineering has different disciplines that focus on various topics and project goals. When students choose this major, it is essential to select a field of study so that they can receive specific training and prepare for their future careers. So, let’s see how I become a civil engineer?


Step by Guide to becoming a civil engineer

Most universities that offer a degree in civil engineering accept students based on national or state engineering exams. Many universities provide their admissions for admission to the BTech program. 

Most popular engineering entrance exams that applicants should consider enrolling in UG and PG level civil engineering programs are:

If a student is pursuing a civil engineering career, they must complete a Bachelor of Engineering (BTech) program. Upon completing this program, students can choose the same branch work or graduate program. Some universities also have a degree in civil engineering.

Civil Engineering Diploma 

Many institutions offer civil engineering diploma courses.


Applicants must have at least 45% of Class X or equivalent grades in each required science and mathematics course. Students must also study English as a compulsory subject.

B.Tech Civil Engineering 

This is a four-year full-time bachelor’s degree program divided into eight semesters.


Must have passed a 10 + 2 or equivalent exam from a central or government agency that recognizes physics, chemistry, and mathematics as required subjects.

Admission procedures for the BTech program are conducted through entrance exams such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, MHCET, and KCET.

Eligibility Criteria

  • 0 + 2 natural sciences, including physics, chemistry, and mathematics, are prerequisites for admission to a civil engineering course.
  • Entrance exams (IITJEE, AIEEE, BITSAT, etc.) are conducted at national and state levels.
  • To enroll in M.Tech, you need to qualify for GATE.
  • The diploma course for junior engineer posts can start after class 10.


Civil engineering graduates’ government sectors such as public health, irrigation, and public works have many scopes and opportunities.


B.E./B.Tech. Civil Engineering graduates have several work prospects in both the public and private sectors. PWD, Irrigation Department, Jal Nigam, BRO, CWC, Indian Railways, DRDO, Indian Armed Forces, BHEL, NHAI, DMRC, State Wise Road Transport Boards, and other government organizations and departments hire civil engineers.

Even more work opportunities are available in the private sector. Civil Engineers are employed in significant numbers by companies such as L&T, DLF, JP Infra, Sadbhawna group, Amrapali, Supertech, Reliance infra, and BCC Pvt Ltd. Graduates who have completed a PG M.Tech program can also work as teachers. After completing a Ph.D. program, one can work in the Research & Development sector.


Year 1

It applies to all branches with fundamental subjects.

Year 2

It imparts civil engineering expertise. Fluid dynamics, structure, surveying, concrete technology, building materials, and construction are topics covered in the labs.

Year 3

It focuses on creating and analyzing structures, including concrete forms, steel structures, hydraulic structures, and highway and railway engineering.

Year 4

It contains six months of industrial training and advanced steel structure, environmental engineering, hydraulic structure, cost, and estimation of the structure.

The Department of Civil Engineering at ACEM maintains and creates strong relationships with the infrastructure industry and academic and research organizations both within and outside the country, thanks to its diversified faculty. It is the Top Civil Engineering College in Delhi, NCR. The department is actively involved in basic and applied research and consultation and provides high-quality technical advising support to many organizations through various R&D projects and consultancy.


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